Ebola spreads through direct contact with infected bodily fluids or tissue.
Even after a person has died, the virus persists.
At the time of death, a patient can have one billion copies of the virus in one cubic centimeter of blood. In comparison, HIV, a similar virus, has the same rate at…
A study that some early researchers in Sierra Leone gave their lives for has yielded incredibly important results, reports ABC Science.
The samples, taken from 78 infected individuals, show that during the early outbreak more than 300 genetic changes occurred as the virus moved from person to person. Scientists say the virus is mutating about twice as fast in humans than it was in animal hosts, such as fruit bats.
The team used a technique called deep sequencing, which allowed them to track changes in genetic sequences between different patients and within different cells inside a single patient.
The research revealed that the virus’ protein coat has changed, which could suggest that it is now better able to bind to human cells and evade the immune system.
The mutations may be significant if they reduce the effectiveness of diagnostic tests and treatments currently being developed.
The data was pre-published online and Erica Ollmann Saphire of the Scripps Research Institute in the US says her lab has already checked whether the mutations will affect the drug they are developing to fight Ebola. It appears they do not but further tests are required to see if other drugs are still going to work.
The Ebola virus is likely to spread further and the World Health Organisation reports that some 20,000 people are at risk of infection.
The world is terrifying right now. There’s a full blown civil war looming in Libya, Russians invading the sovereign nation of Ukraine, an extremist army in Iraq and Syria trying to control the region, Israel and Gaza are still at war, Africa is currently dealing with the worst Ebola outbreak in…
Sauerkraut is an excellent source for probiotics, which help to keep your gut healthy. Here’s an interesting twist on sauerkraut, adding beets which are healthy and naturally sweet, and ginger, which aids in digestion.
Tips on Making Fermented Vegetables like Sauerkraut
- be sure all the vegetables are fully submerged in the brine water - if they are exposed to oxygen, they will mold (you don’t want that).
- The old school method was to use a large crock and to put a heavy plate on top of the sauerkraut to keep it under the brine - if you are making smaller batches in widemouthed mason jars, you can buy glass jar weights on Amazon which do the same thing.
- be sure to cover your jars to keep bugs, etc., out, but do not seal the jar or they might explode. You can cover with cheesecloth, or buy a jar topper specifically for fermenting, Amazon link below.
- be sure to use only clean (sterile) containers and utensils, and wash your hands thoroughly before you start your food preps
Are you ready to check it out? Click here for the recipe and instructions.
After the March 2011 meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan, which breached reactor containment systems and resulted in the evacuation of about 150,000 people living within 20 kilometers of the site, many people in Japan and elsewhere were concerned about contamination outside the evacuation zone. The amount of radioactivity in seafood, for example, was of particular interest.